Workshop: An Essential Introduction to Mining for Renewables Professionals


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  • Do you really want to understand mining?
  • Where are your potential mining customers located?
  • What is most successful mine renewable business model?
  • Is there potential to create strategic alliances with other mining stakeholders?


The aim of this workshop is to provide renewable energy professionals with a comprehensive understanding of the mining industry. Participants will gain a greater understanding of the operational practices pivotal to mining, be able to interpret essential terminology and feel more comfortable interacting with core mining staff by having a clearer understanding of the key concepts involved in mining. This workshop also aims to enhance the understanding of the business of mining for renewable energy professionals. The agenda has been developed by Energy and Mines and and is presented by Arnoldus Mateo van den Hurk Mir, Ph.D., CEO,

  • Learn about mining and miners
  • Find the right market, location and commodity that is best suited to renewables?
  • Learn how to generate your killer value proposition to miners
  • Discover how to analyze a mining cluster system and find opportunities for profitable cooperation

Workshop feedback from previous attendees:

“I found Arnold’s workshop to be the highlight of the conference. For those new to the mining sector, it will lodge you to get the most out of the conference. And for mining veterans, it helps provide perspective and clarity on corporate priorities in the industry.” – Panasonic

“What you presented was a very sophisticated yet practical review of the mining industry.” – Barrick Gold



 Session 1: Introduction to Renewables & Mining

  • Minerals, metals, ore and mine lifecycle
  • Reserves and resources
  • Metals and alloys
  • Renewables and mining major segments
  • 2016 R&M Awards

Session 2: Mining Exploration

  • Licensing
  • Greenfield and brownfield exploration
  • Geophysics, geochemistry, geology
  • Diamond core drilling
  • Economics of mineral exploration
  • Pre-feasibility reports
  • Stock market junior mines finance

Session 3: Mining Planning

  • Infrastructure (energy, water, transport, dewatering
  • Mining engineers, workforce. FIFO decisions
  • Social & environmental considerations
  • Indigenous impacts
  • Social license decision point
  • Digging through the numbers
  • Mine cost curves
  • Resource equities analysts
  • Mine economics decision point
  • Feasibility reports
  • Mine transport -trucks, trains, pipes, ports

Session 4: Mining Operation

  • Living plan
  • Geotechnical engineering
  • Surface mining (open pit, strip, quarry, leach, dredge)
  • Underground mining (room & pillar, open stoping, longwall, sub-level, block coving)
  • Processing (gold, iron ore, nickel, copper)
  • Blasting, hauling, comminution (grinding and milling), concentration.
  • Extractive metallurgy (hydro – leaching, Pyro – smelting; Electro –  refining)

Session 5: Mining Closure

  • Closure vs. reclamation
  • Care and maintenance
  • Economics of mine closure
  • Closing a mine
  • Mine closure examples
  • Renewables in mine closure

Coffee Break



 Session 6: Open Pit Mining Energy Requirements & Future Trends

  • Electricity and fuels
  • Power requirements (drilling & blasting, excavation & hauling, lighting, ore conveying, concentration, grinding & crushing, flotation)
  • Copper, gold and iron ore mining

Session 7: Underground Mining Energy Requirements & Future Trends

  • Drilling, blasting, mucking
  • Transport, crushing, hoisting
  • Ventilation (Surface and underground fans), compressed air
  • Electric trucks
  • Mines of platinum, nickel, gold, copper, lead, zinc

Session 8: Off-grid Mining Energy Requirements & Future Trends

Case Studies Comparison and Evaluation: Diavik (Wind, Canada), Raglan (Wind and storage, Canada),  Sandfire (solar pv and storage, Australia), Cronimet (solar PV, Africa), El Toqui (hydro and wind, Chile), Rosebel IAMGOLD (Solar PV, solar thermal, small storage, Suriname)

Session 9: Mineral Processing Energy Requirements & Future Demand

  • Comminution (grinding & milling) vs extraction
  • Leach – solvent extraction – electro wiring, absorption, smelter, drying, dewatering and tailing disposal
  • Concentrates vs. cathodes
  • Mining services
  • Aluminum – wet and dry cement – copper – iron steel

Session 10: Water & Transport Energy Requirements & Future Demand

  • Desalination, pumping, hydrometallurgy
  • Water and maintenance
  • Mining electric vehicles evolution
  • Commodity transport energy requirement in mine to port




 Session 11: Renewables & Mining Environmental Responsibility

  • Environmental impacts (waste rock, tailings, acid rock drainage, dust, noise and vibration)
  • Impact quality control (soil, flora, fauna, water, air)
  • Waste management
  • GHG emissions and carbon footprint
  • Sustainable mining
  • Environmental impact assessment process

Session 12: Renewables & Mining Social Responsibility

  • Employees, community, third parties
  • Environmental to social
  • Renewables, jobs and CSR
  • Case studies

Session 13: Renewables to Mine Closure & Reclamation

  •        Examples of standard closure
  •        Wind and solar PV mining closures
  •        Hydro storage pumping mine closures (surface and underground)
  •        Submission requirements for a reclamation plan
  •        Financial assurance

Session 14: CSR in Mining Corporations & Market Structure

  • Mining headquarters and operational departments
  • Organizational structure
  • Market concentration
  • Companies sizing
  • Leaders and followers
  • Rankings of renewables and mining

Session 15: Renewables & Mining Supply Chain CSR

  • The importance of EPCM in mining
  • World class mining supply homologation
  • Renewables for mining and for mining engineering

Coffee Break



Session 16: Mining and mines in Australia

  • Maps and logistics in Australian mining

Session 17: Renewables for mining self-consumption

  •          Renewable models for mining energy self-consumption: Canada, USA, Argentina, Chile, Mexico Australia, South Africa, Suriname, Burkina Faso, Botswana

Session 18: Renewables for Utilities to Mining Consumption

  • Renewables models for utilities to mining consumption: Chile, Perú, Argentina, Mexico, Canada, USA

Session 19: Renewables to Mining Power Companies

  • Renewables models for mining power companies: Canada, Chile, India, Indonesia, Australia, Iceland

Session 20: Final summary & conference recommendations




Registration and Coffee


Chair’s Opening Remarks

Adrienne Baker, Director, Energy and Mines


Opening Welcome

Will Rayward-Smith, General Manager, SunSHIFT


Keynote: Realizing the Opportunity for Renewables within the Mining Sector

Ivor Frischknecht, CEO, Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA)


Keynote: Finance Challenges and Opportunities of Alternative Energy for Mines

Melanie Madders, Associate Director, Corporate and Project Finance, Clean Energy Finance Corporation


Keynote: Understanding Mining’s Energy Challenges and Strategic Options

Tim Langmead, Director of External Relations, Fortescue Metals Group


Audience Q&A with Session Speakers


Keynote: Reshaping Solar to Meet Mining’s Energy Needs

Will Rayward-Smith, General Manager, SunSHIFT


Networking Break


Session 1: Realizing Renewables and Storage Solutions for Remote Mines

The instability and long-term economic viability of diesel and gas costs combined with evolving climate policies are reinforcing the business case for renewables integration for remote mines. This session will showcase case studies from mines that have successfully integrated renewables and storage options and provide insight from remote mining leaders currently assessing alternative energy options.


Case Study: Understanding the Strategic Drivers for Solar at Nova Nickel Mine

Keith Ashby, Sustainability Manager, Independence Group NL

  • Key considerations for integrating solar with diesel for this new remote operation
  • Analyzing the business case and finance model for solar PV for this site
  • Current expectations in terms of potential energy savings and return on investment

Case Study: Exploring Wind and Storage Options to Offset Diesel in Western Australia

Mike Kevan, Engineering Manager, Australian Garnet

Australian Garnet, a privately-held mineral sands company, is currently exploring a 6 MW wind-diesel hybrid for its new operation in Western Australia.

  • Key considerations for integrating wind with diesel for this new remote operation
  • Analyzing the business case and finance model for wind and storage options at this site
  • Current expectations in terms of diesel savings and return on investment
  • Designing a process to optimize renewable energy
  • The case for future expansion

Adapting Microgrid Solutions to Mining’s Energy Needs

Juergen Zimmermann, Business Development & Technology Manager, ABB

  • What can mines expect in terms of operational energy savings from hybrid solutions?
  • Understanding the latest technological innovations in microgrids for mining applications
  • Insight from mining projects in operation and new projects under development

Concentrated Solar and Storage Options for Gabanintha: Key Drivers and Potential Challenges

Samantha McGahan, Executive Manager, Australian Vanadium

  • Current assessment process for integrating concentrated solar, solar PV and storage options for this new operation in Western Australia
  • Potential challenges in trying to integrate renewables and storage into the mine’s power supply

Q&A with Session Speakers


Networking Lunch


Session 2: Assessing Renewables Options for Remote Sites

Chair: Craig Palmer, Project Manager, GHD

Paul Vollant, Business Development Manager, TNG

Ken Brinsden, Managing Director & CEO, Pilbara Minerals

Mark Savich, CEO, Agrimin Limited

Bethwyn Cowcher, Legal Manager for Energy and Power, Fortescue Metals Group

This session will bring together senior executives from remote mines to provide insight on their energy challenges and key considerations for renewables integration.

  • What are the particular power profiles, energy cost realities and current energy goals of remote mines?
  • How are mining leaders addressing these energy challenges at strategic and operational levels?
  • How are mines assessing the potential for alternative energy to address energy concerns?
  • What are the main barriers for integrating new technologies and how can they be addressed?
  • What technology concerns do miners have around renewables meeting their energy needs?
  • What are mines looking for in terms of contract terms and flexibility from renewables power purchase agreements?
  • What additional benefits beyond energy savings and power security can renewables offer off-grid operations?
  • How do mining leaders see the energy profiles of remote operations changing over the next 5 years?

Audience Q&A with Session Speakers


Case Study: Mining’s First Operational Wind-Storage Hybrid: Glencore’s Success

Michel Carreau, Director Hybrid Power, Hatch

  • Operational details from Glencore’s wind-storage hybrid for Raglan Mine in Northern Quebec, Canada
  • Key steps in analyzing the feasibility of renewables and storage applications for remote mines
  • Understanding the applicability of renewables and storage for Australian mines

Understanding the Global Picture for Renewables and Opportunities for Mine Partnerships

Javier Vaquerizo, Head of Commercial Office - Business Development, Enel Green Power


Understanding how the Transition to a Low-Carbon Economy Affects Mining

Graham Winkelman, Climate Change Practice Lead, BHP Billiton

  • What does the transition to a lower emissions future mean for the mining sector?
  • Insights from BHP’s Climate Change Portfolio Analysis on the impacts of this transition
  • How does this inform energy choices and climate change strategy?
  • Translating global emissions targets into site-specific energy strategies

Audience Q&A with Session Speakers


Networking Break


Session 3: Addressing Energy Price and Supply Challenges for Grid-Tied Mines

With many grid-connected operations experiencing high electricity costs and supply constraints, mines are considering supplementing and stabilizing their power needs with renewables. This session will bring together senior mining executives to discuss the potential role of renewables in addressing current power constraints and price concerns.


Case Study: Stabilizing Electricity Costs with Large-Scale Solar

Lance Moody, Solar Project Manager, Sun Metals

  • Managing high electricity costs with a behind-the-meter 125 MW solar farm
  • How the economics work: the cost competitiveness of solar and the benefits of Government-issued large-scale generation certificates
  • An update on project construction and current energy cost stabilization expectations

Panel: Addressing Energy Price and Supply Challenges for Grid-Tied Mines

Chair: Louis Kent, Senior Manager and Mining Sector Lead, Energetics

Lance Moody, Solar Project Manager, Sun Metals

Kirsten Rose, Principal, Low Emissions Technology, BHP Billiton

Emily Alford, Energy Market Strategist, South32

Glynn Ellis, Business Development Manager, New Energy/Business Environment, Shell

Katie Hulmes, Group Manager of Technical Services, Oz Minerals

  • How are the energy strategies of grid-connected operations changing as a result of recent power reliability and cost challenges?
  • What solutions are mines exploring for addressing power disruptions and high electricity costs for new and operating mines and large-industrial users?
  • Renewables as an offset strategy for carbon emissions – is there a role for alternative energy in meeting broader climate targets?
  • Views on the advantages and business cases of behind-the-meter renewables vs. buying alternative energy through the grid
  • What are the main inhibitors for investing in alternative power to address energy concerns?
  • What role do energy and carbon management experts see for renewables solutions in controlling power costs and supply?

Audience Q&A with Session Speakers




Chair’s Remarks

Adrienne Baker, Director, Energy and Mines


The Economics of Different Power Options for Australian Mining Operations

John Davidson, Managing Director, Energy Made Clean

This presentation will examine the economics of different power choices opening up for Australian mining operations.

  • Current price comparisons ($/KW/h) of different forms of energy generation for mines: diesel, gas, and grid electricity vs. renewables and storage options
  • What type of return on investment can mines expect from alternative energy solutions?
  • Understanding the critical factors that will impact the economics of energy for local mines

Taking an Integrated Approach to Energy Savings and Renewables for Mines

Rajesh Mehta, Business Manager, Honeywell Process Solutions

  • Using smart analytics to optimize mining load management and renewables integration
  • Secured and integrated solutions for power systems for remote mining operations
  • Understanding the benefits of a combined approach to energy efficiency and renewables for mines

Session 4: TED-talks: Envisioning the Mine of the Future and its Ideal Energy Mix

Chair: Dr. Paul Ebert, Global Lead - New Energy, Advisian

This session will bring together mine-energy experts to present four 5-minute TED-Talks on their visions for the mine of the future and its ideal energy mix. These TED-Talks will be followed by a broader, interactive audience discussion on this topic and the role that renewables can play in solving the global resource sector’s energy dilemma.


TED-Talk: Envisioning the Mine of the Future and Its Ideal Energy Mix

Brad Valiukas, echnical Services Manager, Northern Star Resources NL


TED-Talk: Envisioning the Mine of the Future and Its Ideal Energy Mix

Michael Pitt, Utilities Manager, New Century Resources


TED-Talk: Envisioning the Mine of the Future and Its Ideal Energy Mix

Ned Harvey, Managing Director, Carbon War Room/Rocky Mountain Institute


TED-Talk: Envisioning the Mine of the Future and Its Ideal Energy Mix

Andrew Drager, Managing Director, Juwi Renewable Energy


Interactive Audience Discussion: Envisioning the Mine of the Future and its Ideal Energy Mix

Chair: Dr. Paul Ebert, Global Lead - New Energy, Advisian

Kirsten Rose, Principal, Low Emissions Technology, BHP

Brad Valiukas, Technical Services Manager, Northern Star Resources NL

Michael Pitt, Utilities Manager, New Century Resources

Ned Harvey, Managing Director, Carbon War Room/Rocky Mountain Institute

Andrew Drager, Managing Director, Juwi Renewable Energy

  • How do mining and renewables leaders view the mine of the future and its ideal energy mix?
  • What are the main risks and barriers to energy innovation for mines?
  • Why is it important for mines to begin to transform their energy systems today?
  • How can mines prepare to take advantage of the benefits of renewables and storage technologies?
  • What can assist in accelerating the adoption of new technologies that ensure power reliability and security for mines?

Networking Break


Session 5: Evolving Finance Options for Renewables for Mines

Chair: Cate Rocchi, Chief Executive Officer, Perth Media

Chris Twomey, Investment Manager, ARENA

Phillip Mak, Global Head of Resources, Energy and Northern Australia, Specialised Finance, National Australia Bank

Davin Berelowitz, Director, Tec-C Investment

James Hockings, Senior Associate, Lighthouse Infrastructure

The biggest bottleneck preventing the uptake of renewables for mines is often finance. Capex constraints restrict mines from self-financing projects and signing long-term power purchase agreements with developers is complicated by life-of-mine lengths and balance sheet requirements. In Australia, groundbreaking projects have benefited from funding from ARENA and debt from CEFC who have played integral roles in supporting the development of this market. This session will bring together government finance experts and leading lenders to discuss evolving project finance options and models.

  • Experts views on the financeability of these projects – what makes these attractive to lenders and what are the main risks involved in renewables for mine offtakers?
  • Understanding ARENA’s funding criteria for new renewables projects for mines
  • What other types of funding or incentives are available to boost project economics – i.e. self-source Large Scale Generation Certificates (LGC)?
  • On-balance sheet versus off-balance sheet financing for renewables for mines: what are lenders preferred finance models?
  • How do lenders assess counterparty risk in the case of a power purchase agreement with a mine – what hurdles need to be cleared by the mine offtaker?
  • How comfortable are lenders with shorter power purchase agreements customized to fit the anticipated life-of-mine?
  • How do finance experts see the financing model for these projects evolving?

Audience Q&A


Networking Lunch


Session 6: Panel: Adapting Renewables to Fit with Mining’s Business Model

Chair: Chris O’Brien, Managing Director, SunPower Australia

Daniel Thompson, Director of Development, Australia, SolarReserve

Lyndon Frearson, Managing Director, Ekistica

Adrian Constable, Asia Pacific Microgrid Manager, Caterpillar

Jennifer Purdie, CEO, Adani Australia Renewables

Matt Currie, Business Development - Sector Manager - New Markets, Aggreko

With plenty of renewables projects for mines in operation and even more under development, renewables hybrids for mines has become an area of focus for traditional genset suppliers and renewables experts. This session will bring together international renewables experts with diesel and gas genset suppliers to discuss how they are customizing their alternative energy offerings to meet mining’s business model.

  • How do traditional mining energy and renewables leaders view the opportunities for renewables projects with mining customers in Australia?
  • How are renewables succeeding and failing to fit with mining’s current power systems?
  • What are some of the key lessons learned about the barriers to renewables adoption for mines?
  • How are traditional suppliers and renewables leaders adapting their offerings to meet mining’s business model and power demands?
  • How does this approach to the renewables hybrids for mines fit (or not) with current business models?
  • How are technological advances changing the economics of renewables and storage for mines?

Audience Q&A with Session Speakers


Session 7: Energy Storage: Enabling Baseload Renewables for Mines

Chair: Kelly Davies, Senior Associate, Norton Rose Fulbright

John McCudden, Renewables, MPower

Juergen Zimmermann, Business Development & Technology Manager, ABB

Philip Livingston, Managing Director, Redback Technologies

Energy storage at mine sites allows for higher penetration of renewables, increased system flexibility, and efficient back-up power. As hybrid solutions continue to evolve, storage will play a central role in the reliability, integration and balance of these site-by-site solutions. This session will explore the latest developments in energy storage for mining applications and the next steps that will drive further integration of these technologies for mines.

  • An update on current and early-stage projects incorporating storage in mining hybrids
  • What can be learned from the operational results of existing projects?
  • What are the key criteria for determining whether storage makes sense for a remote system?
  • How can storage ensure the reliability and consistency of power required by mining operations?
  • How and when will energy storage transform the applicability of renewables for miners?
  • What challenges need to be overcome to realize the full potential of storage for mines?
  • What recent innovations will drive further integration of storage for these hybrid systems?
  • What should miners expect in terms of diesel reductions when integrating storage?

Audience Q&A with Session Speakers


Chair’s Closing Remarks

Adrienne Baker, Director, Energy and Mines